Zigbee, its name derived from the complex zig-zag movements among flowers made by bees, represents the inter-node communication in a mesh network. The zig-zag structure symbolizes the communication between nodes in the mesh network. Components of the network represent queen bees, male bees, and worker bees. Since some wireless communication technologies such as Wi-Fi and Bluetooth are unsuitable for certain applications, work on Zigbee-style networks has been underway since 1998. The goal is to create products suitable for reliable, low-cost, energy-efficient monitoring and management networks.

The standard needed by Zigbee technology, IEEE 802.15.4 standard, was completed in May 2003. Zigbee specifications were ratified on December 14, 2004.

The Zigbee Alliance is a global organization responsible for the standards of Zigbee technology, where many companies come together to work on standards for monitoring and control products to create reliable, low-cost, and low-power consumption products.

Key features of Zigbee include:

  • Reliability
  • Support for a large number of nodes
  • Quick and easy setup
  • Long battery life
  • Security
  • Low cost
  • Manufacturer/provider independence

Places where Zigbee is used:

  • Building automation
  • Security systems
  • Healthcare sector
  • Vehicles
  • Agriculture sector
  • Industrial field